CDCB in partnership with Down of Hope Ethiopia is implementing a three year polite PMTCT project in Bishoftu, Dukem and Mojo town of Oromia-Ethiopia with the financial support of PACF/ViiV Healthcare. The towns are HIV hot spot areas located on national growth corridor and with dry port. It is area with larger number of industries; the towns are favorite tourist destinations, flourishing investments activities, with large number of commercial sex workers (either mobile or resident), and high influx of skilled, semi-skilled and unskilled youth population in search of jobs. It is with high formal and informal economic activities with high mobility people and vehicles (transport and long-distance trucks).
This is the Best Practice Case Study of the project intended to generate evidences in an effort towards improving the lives of children affected by HIV/AIDS and vulnerable children, adolescents and youth in terms of their childhood development, care and support, awareness towards HIV/AIDS risks and PMTCT service uptake in Ethiopia. The document has employed primary and secondary data sources, in addition to reviewing of the project under implementation.
- This document identified that there is no institutionalized care and support system in place at family, community and school levels. However, there are initiatives by individuals and groups focusing on vulnerable children including HIV positive children. There is widespread stigma and discrimination against Children/student living with HIV and from PLHIV family by their teachers, community and their peer groups. There is a network of children, adolescent and youth HIV positives but with no support. Due to the absence of care and support system in place, vulnerable children (either HIV positive or not) are highly exposed to HIV infections, child labor and abuses.
- This case study shows the need for various interventions at different levels to address the challenges faced by vulnerable and HIV positive children, adolescents and youth in the study area. Successful interventions could also serve as reference at national level for areas of similar context. But one cannot undermine the fact that addressing poverty could positively contribute
- towards resolving these challenges. Creating institutional synergy through programmatic approach, designing new awareness creation strategy for the current urban-rural interaction and emerging new economic activities regarding the transmission of HIV/AIDS is crucial. Schools and family level care and support including psycho-social support are very important.
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