Research

One of CDCB’s main areas of intervention is undertaking research to generate evidences for informed decisions and as input for policies and strategies to enhance socioeconomic development and sustainable peace. Before engaging into any research activity, CDCB attempted to identify the regional research gaps and priorities and learned that the major problem is mostly related to shelving the research outputs than research gaps. Furthermore, it could understand that commissioning new researches needs huge financial and human resources. Hence, CDCB decided to conduct research inventory with highest regional importance and priorities while conducting some urgent new researches. Under its research program, the center conducted some new researches, while mainly focusing on doing inventories of researches so as to identify research gaps and priorities. This initiative aimed at promoting the idea of using researches as a means for informed decision making and institutional efficacy.

1. Research Inventory

Studies and public opinions show that the problem related to research in the country is related to weakness to properly utilize research outputs of various researches and knowledge centers. We also noticed this fact during our early period of intervention while trying to identify research gaps and priorities. Therefore, conducting research inventories is believed to be one of the most important entry points. After conducting the research inventory 150 study documents of 14 major sectors were collected and communication project was initiated. The documents were digitized and compiled for further reviews. Forty five research documents of 8 sectors were reviewed by 15 senior experts and the reviews were prepared in a way it could be used for the current situation.

2. Oromia Tourism Potential Reviewed

Center for Development and Capacity Building in collaboration with the Oromia Region Tourism Bureau reviewed various volumes of studies collected through its research inventory project of the region’s tourism potentials, challenges faced to utilize the existing potentials and strategies that need to be implemented to utilize the existing potentials. Five volumes of study documents were reviewed namely: Wildlife and Ecotourism, Historical and Cultural Resources, Tourism Marketing, Human Resources and Institutional framework and Tourism Facilities and Infrastructure. The documents were reviewed by a team of professionals drawn from universities, CDCB and Oromia Tourism Bureau to evaluate its relevance to current realities. After intensive review and analysis, the documents were reviewed and implementation strategy was designed. The findings of the review were presented to the bureau’s management team and eventually to relevant sector officials and senior experts in the field of culture and tourism.

3. Oromia Investment Potential and its Challenges Reviewed

Investment activities have multi-faceted contributions to socio-economic development. The role of government is to minimize challenges and encourage investors and maximize the opportunities for investments. This demands efficient institutional framework, appropriate legal and regulatory framework that helps to realize the intended policy objectives of investment (local employment creation, revenue generation, technology transfer and socially and environmentally friendly development). Following, consecutive consultation meetings between CDCB and the commission’s management, the two parties reached a consensus on agenda for higher level leadership discussion to address the problems. Consequently, a team drawn from CDCB, universities and Investment Commission was established to facilitate and prepare agenda for the workshop. The team identified points through review of policy and legal documents, studied documents and the commission’s relevant documents like (reports, Plans (GTP-I review and GTP-II), etc. The assessment of the team proposed the need to review legal issues related to investment; and two rigorous studies on (a) Oromia Investment Profile, (b) The Challenges and Constraints of Investment in Oromia including institutional capacity gaps. The proposal was presented to the management of the commission and was endorsed. It was presented at a consultation workshop for key stakeholders (officials of the region, professionals in the area, and other institutions having strong connection with the commission) for further discussion.

4. Forest Ecosystem

Buffer Zone Development and Management around Hydroelectric Dams, Water Reservoirs in Oromia Regional State The study CDCB conducted in 2013, based on the request of Oromia Forest and Wildlife Enterprise was aimed at assessing buffer zone development and management around hydroelectric dams, water reservoirs, and selected lakes in Oromia through integration of buffer zone development with ongoing watershed management in the regional state. Because of the pioneering nature of the study, it has got support from the Ministry of Water, Irrigation and Energy. The findings of the study helped to initiate various projects and interventions. Following, consecutive consultation meetings between CDCB and the commission’s management, the two parties reached a consensus on agenda for higher level leadership discussion to address the problems. Consequently, a team drawn from CDCB, universities and Investment Commission was established to facilitate and prepare agenda for the workshop. The team identified points through review of policy and legal documents, studied documents and the commission’s relevant documents like (reports, Plans (GTP-I review and GTP-II), etc. The assessment of the team proposed the need to review legal issues related to investment; and two rigorous studies on (a) Oromia Investment Profile, (b) The Challenges and Constraints of Investment in Oromia including institutional capacity gaps. The proposal was presented to the management of the commission and was endorsed. It was presented at a consultation workshop for key stakeholders (officials of the region, professionals in the area, and other institutions having strong connection with the commission) for further discussion.

5. Institutional Capacity Assessments

CDCB has conducted Institutional Capacity Assessment of four public enterprises in Oromia, namely: Oromia Forest and Wildlife Enterprise, Oromia Water Works and Design Enterprise, Oromia Road Construction Enterprise, and Oromia Agriculture Output Marketing Enterprise. The purpose of the study was to identify institutional capacity gap of the enterprises and design institutional capacity development interventions. The final report has been submitted to management of the four enterprises and the Oromia Public Enterprises’ Supervising Authority

6. Urban Agriculture Potential Assessments

A systematic assessment of urban agriculture potentials of Oromia Special Zone Surrounding Finfinne in general and Sandafa Bake District in particular was conducted. The objective of the assessment was to identify urban agriculture potentials in the area and to implement innovative urban agriculture in the peri-urban setting for the rural community facing the negative effect of urban expansion and eviction due to investment projects. The one year project was financed by British Council Civil Society Support Program (CSSP).

7. An Assessment on the Gaps, Challenges and Opportunities in the Quality Services of Reproductive Health/Family Planning in Oromia

8. Factors Hindering Access to and Utilization of Quality Reproductive Health-Family Planning Services in Oromia were conducted